What is ISO 22000 Food Safety Management System?

ISO 22000 is a generic food safety management system standard. It defines a set of general food safety requirements that apply to all organizations in the food chain. These requirements are listed in sections 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8.

If your organization is part of the food chain, ISO 22000 wants you to establish a food safety management system (FSMS). It then wants you to use this system to ensure that food products do not cause adverse human health effects.

ISO 22000 is designed to be used for certification (registration) purposes. In other words, once you’ve established a FSMS that meets ISO’s requirements, you can ask a registrar to audit your system. If your registrar agrees that you’ve met the ISO 22000 requirements, it will issue an official certificate that states that your FSMS meets the ISO 22000 food safety requirements.

However, you don’t have to be certified (registered). ISO does not require certification (registration). You can be in compliance without being formally registered by an accredited auditor. You can self-assess your system and simply declare to the world that your FSMS complies with ISO 22000 (if it does). Of course, your customers and business partners are more likely to believe that you have an effective FSMS if an independent auditor says so.



Since ISO 22000 is a generic food safety management standard, it can be used by any organization directly or indirectly involved in the food chain. It applies to all organizations in the food chain. It doesn’t matter how complex the organization is or what size it is, ISO 22000 can help ensure the safety of its food products.

The food chain consists of the entire sequence of stages and operations involved in the creation and consumption of food products. This includes every step from initial production to final consumption. More precisely, it includes the production, processing, distribution, storage, and handling of all food and food ingredients.

The food chain also includes organizations that do not directly handle food. These include organizations that produce feed for animals that produce food and for animals that will be used as food. It also includes organizations that produce materials that will eventually come into contact with food or food ingredients.


ISO 22000 can be used by:

Primary producers

  • Farms
  • Ranches
  • Fisheries
  • Dairies



  • Fish processors
  • Meat processors
  • Poultry processors
  • Feed processors



  • Soup manufacturers
  • Snack manufacturers
  • Bread manufacturers
  • Cereal manufacturers
  • Dressing manufacturers
  • Beverage manufacturers
  • Seasoning manufacturers
  • Packaging manufacturers
  • Frozen food manufacturers
  • Canned food manufacturers
  • Confectionery manufacturers
  • Dietary supplement manufacturers


Food service providers

  • Grocery stores
  • Restaurants
  • Cafeterias
  • Hospitals
  • Hotels
  • Resorts
  • Airlines
  • Cruise ships
  • Seniors lodges
  • Nursing homes


Other service providers

  • Storage service providers
  • Catering service providers
  • Logistics service providers
  • Transportation service providers
  • Distribution service providers
  • Sanitation service providers
  • Cleaning service providers


Product suppliers

  • Suppliers of tools
  • Suppliers of utensils
  • Suppliers of equipment
  • Suppliers of additives
  • Suppliers of ingredients
  • Suppliers of raw materials
  • Suppliers of cleaning agents
  • Suppliers of sanitizing agents
  • Suppliers of packaging materials
  • Suppliers of other food contact materials

Of course, ISO 22000 applies to all organizations directly or indirectly involved in the food chain, not just the ones listed here.

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