WHAT IS GOST-R?
Russia and its regions offer many big opportunities for foreign companies. To access all this potential, foreign companies need to follow certain rules. Since 1993, the majority of imported products and equipment must be inspected to show that they comply with Russian standards. GOST R certification is one of the most common mandatory certificates. It was introduced to protect the health and safety of Russia’s population. In this complex and constantly changing regulation environment, it pays to have the right advice and assistance.
GOST is the Russian word for “norm”, and R stands for Russia. For most products, certification is needed if you wish to sell them in Russia. The main products concerned are materials in contact with food and human beings; industrial equipment for food, chemical, oil & gas, construction and other industries; mechanical and electrical goods. Also concerned are consumer products such as foodstuffs, textiles and clothes, cosmetics and perfumery, domestic goods and toys. The certificate can be valid for a one-time-only shipment or for a period of 1 or 3 years.
Historically, GOST R system originated from GOST system developed in the Soviet Union and later adopted by the CIS. Thus, the GOST standards are used across all CIS countries, including Russia while GOST R standards are valid only within the territory of the Russian Federation.
This system is aimed at providing the Customer with safety and high quality of products and services. This right of the Customer for safety and quality is guaranteed by obligatory certification of not only native but as well foreign produce. Produce that enters the territory of the Russian Federation and that is subject to obligatory certification according to the legislation of the Russian Federation must meet the requirements of Russian certification system.
GOST is the valid quality authorization system in Russian Federation. (With the other words, it is called GOST-R Certification) GOST is essential for Russian businesses and exporters to the Russia and carries the same meaning of ISO 9000 series certificates for the western companies. GOST-T is the permitted quality indicator for Russia.
Certification GOST-TR is not only involved with the quality management of the subject company, but also concentrated the products of it. With the other words, to obtain of this certificate the examinations of samples are required. These tests are made on accredited research laboratory by GOSSTANDARD. (Russian Governmental Standards Organization) According to these tests the certificates are given to the prepared company.
Note that CE marking for sales to European Market might be important but CE mark and other global certificates are not recognized by Russia for the determination of conformity assessment.
Lists of products subject to mandatory certification
- Food products
- Electrical and electronic products
- Medicinal devices
- Consumer packaging materials
- Household chemicals
BENEFITS OF GOST-R CERTIFICATION
- Demonstrate client satisfaction through deliver the consistent quality as per the client requirement.
- Money saves and time saving procedure.
- It supports to access the Russian market simply
- It supports to minimize risk, imperfection products and harms.
- It supports to progress brand image and market value of the organization.
- Create business process transparency.
GOST-R CERTIFICATION SYSTEMS
Creation of certification systems in Russia is provided by the Federal Law №184 “On Technical Regulation” Evaluating the product’s conformity to requirements of laws, standards, technical reglaments and other kinds of normative appears to be one of the most important possibilities of providing safety of different kinds of products for humans, environment and the state.
There are two big groups of certification systems in Russia: voluntary and obligatory ones. From the names it is clear that the evaluation of conformity for the objects of obligatory certification system appears to be mandatory requirement for all Russian manufacturers and for the products from abroad.
It is only federal state structure who can create the obligatory certification system of Russia. The system must go through the procedure of state registration. The Rosstandart which is responsible for the certification in Russia as a whole keeps a registry of the RF certification systems. Only after receiving the Certificate of state registration with getting the unique registration number, you may perform activities in evaluating conformity as a new system.
There are 16 obligatory certification systems in Russia and GOST R is one of them. The obligatory GOST R certification system consists of sub-systems of certificating homogeneous products. The obligatory GOST R certification system consists of 40 sub-systems according to the kinds of homogeneous production. For example the following sub-systems:
- Medical certification;
- The system of certification of oil products;
- The system of certification of dishes;
- The system of certification of electrical equipment (SCE);
- The system of certification of mechanic transport means and trailers;
- The system of certification of gases;
- The “SEPROCHIM” certification system (rubber, asbestos) and many others.
GOST R became the very first and the largest system of evaluation of conformity in Russia and it encompasses all the groups of production that are to be evaluated according to the Federal Law “About protection of Consumers Rights” and it performs the other legislative acts considering separate kinds of goods. The authority of the GOST R obligatory certification systems covers also the voluntary GOST R certification system because the applicants for the voluntary evaluation of conformity most often apply this very system.
Any Russian citizen may register such evaluation system according to the Law. While creating the system you must set the list of objects to be evaluated on conformity in its frameworks, the indicators and characteristics in accordance to which the voluntary certification will be performed, you must also formulate the rules of system and the pay order of the works in certification, and you must define the participants of the given system of evaluation of conformity.
Registration of voluntary certification system is similar to the procedure of registration of the obligatory system. In the case of refusal, the Rosstandart sends to the applicant explanations of reasons why the new system may not be registered.
Here are the examples of voluntary certification:
- Construction materials “Rosstroisertificazia”;
- Personnel and housing services – “Roszhilkommunsertifikazia”;
- Means of cryptographic protection of information;
- Production and the quality systems defense industries – “Oboronsertifika”;
- Certification of food “HAASP”;
- Coal production;
- Jewelry (several systems in the given sphere with different names;
- Bio active materials – “BOSTI”;
- Services in the sphere of advertising;
- Evaluation of intellectual property objects;
- Information technologies – “SSIT”.